The basic branches of science are
Social science and
From the above for major branches Psychology arises from Applied sciences. One hundred years ago, people viewed the workings of the human mind as a great mystery. An Austrian doctor named Sigmund Freud made sense of that mystery. He is called the Father of Psychiatry for his innovative ideas.
He researched the meaning of dreams,
How the unconscious mind works?
How the events in our past influence the actions we take?
He spent most of his life in Vienna. He believed that beneath our conscious mind is a submerged unconscious that governs much of our behaviour. Early in his career, Freud attracted intense hostility to his work, but gradually his ideas were accepted. In 1920, Freud developed a new theory that the mind is made up of three parts,
- the id, which contains impulses,
- the ego which represents reasoning and
- the superego, the self critical idea.